Duke of Sutherland, derived from Sutherland in Scotland, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created by William IV in 1833 for George Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Marquess of Stafford.
Dukes of Sutherland:
- George Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland (1758-1833)
- George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland (1786-1861)
- George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland (1828-1892)
- Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland (1851-1913)
- George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 5th Duke of Sutherland (1888-1963)
- John Egerton, 6th Duke of Sutherland (1915-2000)
- Francis Egerton, 7th Duke of Sutherland (b. 1940)
The Heir Apparent is James Granville Egerton, Marquess of Stafford (b. 1975)
Failure of Succession
On his death in 1963, the line of the eldest son of the first Duke failed. He died childless and was succeeded in the Earldom of Sutherland and Lordship of Strathnaver, which could be inherited by females, by his niece Elizabeth. The Dukedom and other titles could only be passed on to male heirs, and he was succeeded in these by his kinsman John Sutherland Egerton, 5th Earl of Ellesmere, who became the 6th Duke of Sutherland.
In 1994, Sandy Lindsay of Inverness proposed that the Statue of the 1st Duke of Sutherland be removed from its lofty perch on Ben Bhraggie, in Golspie, Sutherland. He appealed to the descendants of the Highland Scots who were driven off their lands by agents of the Duke of Sutherland during the notorious ‘Highland Clearances’. The Clearances were an attempt by the Duke to apply progressive social and economic theories to his Estate by resettling subsistence tenants along the coasts. Unfortunately, families were evicted ruthlessly by the Duke’s factors, creating a long-lived resentment. Ultimately, the Duke’s statue was retained, and in 2007, The Emigrants, a sculpture honouring those who left the Highlands during the Clearances, was unveiled at Helmsdale in Sutherland.
Dunrobin Castle - Seat of the Dukes of Sutherland
The seat of the Earls and Dukes of Sutherland, Dunrobin Castle is a mile north of Golspie in Sutherland on the east coast of northern Scotland, 90 minutes north of Inverness. Dating back to the 1300s in parts.
This beautiful castle is well worth a visit, with 189 rooms, it is the largest house in the Northern Highlands.
There are many collections of furniture, pictures, objets d'art, uniforms, china and family memorabilia on display.
The current owner is Elizabeth Janson, Countess of Sutherland, who inherited the castle in 1963 following the death of the 5th Duke of Sutherland whose funeral service took place in the drawing room. Although she holds the earldom, the dukedom went to his cousin the then Earl of Ellesmere.
Dunrobin Castle website
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