The title Duke of Argyll was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1701 and in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1892. The Earls, Marquesses, and Dukes of Argyll were for several centuries among the most powerful, if not the most powerful, noble family in Scotland.
On 21 June 1701 the 9th Earl of Argyll's son was created Duke of Argyll, Marquess of Kintyre and Lorne, Earl of Campbell and Cowal, Viscount of Lochow and Glenyla, Baron Inveraray, Mull, Morvern, and Tiree for his services to William of Orange.
In April 17, 1892, the 8th Duke was created Duke of Argyll in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Thus, the Duke is one of the only five people to hold two different dukedoms, the others being the Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, the Duke of Hamilton and Brandon, and the Duke of Richmond, Lennox and Gordon.
Dukes of Argyll
- Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll (1658–1703) John Campbell
- 2nd Duke of Argyll, 1st Duke of Greenwich (1680–1743) Archibald Campbell
- 3rd Duke of Argyll (1682–1761) John Campbell
- 4th Duke of Argyll (1693–1770) John Campbell
- 5th Duke of Argyll (1723–1806) George William Campbell
- 6th Duke of Argyll (1768–1839) John Douglas Edward Henry Campbell
- 7th Duke of Argyll (1777–1847) George Douglas Campbell
- 8th Duke of Argyll (1823–1900) (became Duke of Argyll in the Peerage of the UK in 1892) John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell
- 9th Duke of Argyll (1845–1914) Niall Diarmid Campbell
- 10th Duke of Argyll (1872–1949) Ian Douglas Campbell
- 11th Duke of Argyll (1903–1973) Ian Campbell
- 12th Duke of Argyll (1937–2001) Torquhil Ian Campbell
- 13th Duke of Argyll (b. 1968)
his son and heir-apparent: Archibald Frederick Campbell, Marquess of Lorne (b. March 9, 2004)
Elephant Polo Team and the Duke of Argyll
Torquhil Ian Campbell, 13th Duke of Argyll (b. 1968), is the captain of Scotland's national elephant polo team, which won the 2004 and 2005 World Elephant Polo Association world championships.